Every survivor deserves justice.
What a beautiful piece. New mum Kylie Jenner displays her slender waistline during sushi date with Jordyn Woods The truck driver would remove the chains that held the log s on the rig and then release the blocks on the river side.
of the solution.
Too hot to trot! I remember the noise and the smell. No St Patrick's Day tipple for me! The blade is removed for sharpening every two hours. The millwrights have to know every inch of the plant, and how to operate nearly every aspect of the mill. I was born at that time but he used to tell us about it. Sadly, the mill was recently forced into bankruptcy when it was unable to compete with the Chinese for raw materials.
It can be soft and flaky. It can look like a soccer ball. Carbon is the backbone of every living thing—and yet it just might cause the end of life on Earth as we know it.
How can a lump of coal and a shining diamond be composed of the same material? Here are eight things you probably didn't know about carbon. It's in every living thing, and in quite a few dead ones. It binds atoms to one another, forming humans, animals, plants and rocks. If we play around with it, we can coax it into plastics, paints, and all kinds of chemicals. It sits right at the top of the periodic table , wedged in between boron and nitrogen.
Atomic number 6, chemical sign C. Six protons, six neutrons, six electrons. It is the fourth most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen, and 15th in the Earth's crust.
While its older cousins hydrogen and helium are believed to have been formed during the tumult of the Big Bang, carbon is thought to stem from a buildup of alpha particles in supernova explosions, a process called supernova nucleosynthesis. While humans have known carbon as coal and—after burning—soot for thousands of years, it was Antoine Lavoisier who, in , showed that it was in fact a unique chemical entity.
Lavoisier used an instrument that focused the Sun's rays using lenses which had a diameter of about four feet. He used the apparatus, called a solar furnace, to burn a diamond in a glass jar.
By analyzing the residue found in the jar, he was able to show that diamond was comprised solely of carbon. The name carbon derives from the French charbon , or coal. It can form four bonds, which it does with many other elements, creating hundreds of thousands of compounds, some of which we use daily.
More importantly, those bonds are both strong and flexible. May Nyman , a professor of inorganic chemistry at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon tells Mental Floss that carbon has an almost unbelievable range.
It forms chains and rings, in a process chemists call catenation. Every living thing is built on a backbone of carbon with nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, and other elements. So animals, plants, every living cell, and of course humans are a product of catenation. Our bodies are And yet it can be inorganic as well, Nyman says.
It teams up with oxygen and other substances to form large parts of the inanimate world, like rocks and minerals. Carbon is found in four major forms: Graphite "the writing stone" is made up of loosely connected sheets of carbon formed like chicken wire.
Penciling something in actually is just scratching layers of graphite onto paper. Diamonds, in contrast, are linked three-dimensionally. These exceptionally strong bonds can only be broken by a huge amount of energy. Because diamonds have many of these bonds, it makes them the hardest substance on Earth. Fullerenes were discovered in when a group of scientists blasted graphite with a laser and the resulting carbon gas condensed to previously unknown spherical molecules with 60 and 70 atoms.
Orleans rapist's cold-case conviction, life sentence upheld by state Supreme Court. Thousands of rape kits remain untested nationwide; rape survivor pushes to end the backlog.
Kansas Bureau of Investigation reports on ways to improve sexual assault prosecutions. Greeley man convicted of kidnapping in year-old rape case sentenced to 24 years in prison. To advocate for greater transparency, click here. Learn more about how we track statewide reform. These locations are part of The Accountability Project , our project to bring greater transparency and accountability around rape kit testing practices nationwide.
Sexual assault, domestic violence, and child abuse are inextricably linked. This Domestic Violence Awareness Month, we explore the overlap between domestic violence and sexual assault, and how efforts to end the backlog have brought to light the prevalence of this overlap.
The movement to end the untested rape kit backlog got a significant boost from the federal government this month when it issued the first-ever national guidelines for handling rape kits.
Here, Emma and Julia share their reflections and findings from the summer. Howard reflects on the effort to pass H. Testing rape kits swiftly helps link crimes together and identify serial rapists sooner. Studies of perpetrators identified through testing backlogged kits show that serial offenders commit many types of violent crimes, including crimes against intimate partners and acquaintances. James Drane of Detroit is one of the many perpetrators linked to both domestic violence and sexual assault.
Over the course of three days, we connected with lawmakers and staffers from across the country about how to end the backlog of untested rape kits. Texas recently became the first state in the nation to enact all of our six legislative pillars of rape kit reform. Danielle Tudor is a survivor and advocate from Oklahoma who has worked on rape kit reform legislation across multiple states. Here, Danielle shares her experience collaborating with stakeholders and elected officials, and, as a member of the task force, her hopes for further reform.
I met Mrs hull at Blackledge furniture in Corvallis Or. I was out to her home several times and sold her a lot of things over the years. The family was all wonderful. She had a large log house built over by Bend Or.
One of the store decorators furnished it for her. Barker would to me imply to place the bark onto the log. I think you have the time of Mr. Hulls death wrong, it must have been ,it was some time before I retired in I worked in sawmills Bandsaw mill such as the sawmill Pictured located in Hilis, CA from age 18 years of age until I was The teeth on the back of the bandsaw also served to cut pieces of the log that may spring out after the sawyer went through the cut.
We referred to the teeth as splinter teeth. I was the person that rode the carriage and was called a ratchett setter. Pictures bring back many memories from into My dad work for the Kerr Lumber co.
He not only worked in the saw mill but was the engineer of the train that hauled the logs out of the forest. I was born at that time but he used to tell us about it.
My mother would talk about it also. He died in I have part of one of the boards found in an old barn that was torn down several years ago. Nothing like the smell of fresh cut wood and the beauty of a finished object made of wood. What a great, great presentation, but just as interesting have been all the follow up comments, so many by people in my age bracket, i.
Incredible memories, and I saw most of the large mills in CA when I was a woods rat cruising timber. I am surprised to see that there is still at least one log pond around. Once the big handling equipment that LeTourneau, Cat and Euclid built came on the scene, most mills turned to log yards, sorting on land instead of water. Beyond the head rig the conveyor system could handle only small dimension stuff.
If they were cutting an RR tie or a large square, once it was to dimension the sawyer would bring back the carriage at full speed, the dogs would be lifted, and when the carriage came to a stop the timber would shoot back out of the mill, fall some 20 feet, and land in the pond with a gigantic splash.
Could give you quite a start if you were driving by and not expecting it. I used to work in a lumber yard back in Ames, Iowa for several years. I received your presentation from friends in Central Oregon this morning and how great it is. I have read every one of the comments and much to my suprise there are none from Anacortes, WA, where we had two huge sawmills, a pulp mill, a plywood mill, and a dozen shingle mills, plus numerous individual shake cutters.
Wood and fish was our life blood on this island. I grew up hanging out at our local shinglemill on Similk bay at Summit Park, and knew every hand there. IT was all steam, as all our mills were.
My dad worked in the logging industry before me. Years later as an engineer and business owner, I converted two steam mills to Hydraulic. The first at Johnsondale, CA a complete company owned town and mill and the second was a smaller mill at Davenport, CA. I did live in the Bloedel-Donovon Owners house in Bellingham, Washington in that over looked their mill. Thanks for sharing this wonderful piece of history. I have driven by this mill you showcased many times.
The lovely old log trucks were out though and made for great photographs. The sawmill is going to be open to the public for a tour on May 18, as a part of Historic Preservation Month. I grew up in the Wauconda Area Graduated from Republic High schoo in , As a kid I used to help a friend of the family cut railroad ties I used to use a sort of knife like article and cut the bark off of the ties that he cut.
Made a dollar a day then after a stint in the Army after being discharged in I worked in a steam powered saw mill in Tonasket, Washington for quite some time so I really enjoyed this article Thanks again for bringing back fond memories Bill Fischer.
I visited Hull Oakes a few years ago and found it fascinating. Now I am involved in a writing project involving specific elements of Oregon history and would like to use this story as a resource, with permission. When I got out of the Navy in 79 my new bride lived in Corvallis. We moved from Georgia to Philomath Oregon where there was I believe 5 sawmills within the city limits or very close to it. I went for a millwright position at Pedee lumber company, which had already been filled.
The owner did me a favor since we were both navy men from the black gang boiler rooms he put me on as the off bearer by the big bandmill. I soon began to wonder if he really did me a favor or not, when you work in one of these old mills where most all of the work was manually done, there was know slowing down and you generally had more than one job at a time.
If you worked in one of these mills and lasted, you were a real man. Thanks for the memories. I am in the process of setting up a small mill in the back of my place, not to really make money but to enjoy the sounds and smells of logs being milled.
Some guys want bass boats, I prefer a sawmill. Sawmill in Monroe, Oregon. There also has been one book written about the mill, its processes and history. Here is the citation:. A Case Study in Industrial Archaeology. Keep up the good work. What an excellent documentary of the mill and the timber industry.
It brings back a flood of memories as my entire family has been involved in the industry in one way or another for over years. The company would later become Publishers Paper Co. Sadly, the mill was recently forced into bankruptcy when it was unable to compete with the Chinese for raw materials. My Grandfather started a career in the woods in Alsea maintaining a steam donkey for the logging operations.
He later moved to the Hull-Oaks mill in maintenance to work on the steam engines there. To know the toughness of these folks, my Grandfather talked of the times that he would walk from Alsea to Corvallis for food provisions for the family. That is an uphill walk back of some 22 miles carrying a load of groceries! During the depression, another group took the risks and constructed a plywood mill in Albany.
This mill used steam power for the lathe while the balance of the machinery was electric. The electric power came from two steam turbine generators that had sufficient generation capacity to run the entire city of Albany in an emergency.
The steam was also used in the dryers to dry the veneer. At times the peeler blocks were so large in diameter that they would be chucked off center and rocked back and forth to cut down one side and then re-chucked to clear the floor. During World War II, these thick panels of plywood were used for the carrier decks on our aircraft carriers.
I started my career in wood products at this mill; learning to run every machine station there was while going to college, studying in the field of accounting. Later, as a CPA working for a national accounting firm in Portland, I would return to this mill to audit the books as an independent accountant.
Sadly, this mill too is gone; lost to the Spotted Owl controversy that closed down logging operations for so many mills.
One of my major clients turned out to be Publishers Paper Co. Later, I would leave public accounting and take various accounting positions with Publishers.
I later moved on to other wood produicts companies finally retiring. I still build from wood and will until I die. In my early years I would pass through the mill many times on my way to hunt for deer in the hills west of the mill and later on, to ride motorcycles all over those hills. If you knew the old dirt log roads well enough you could ride all the way to the Oregon Coast. The guys at the mill were always friendly and would wave as you went by or stop you on your way out from hunting to inquire of your luck.
The sound of the screaming saws, the steam engine, debarker and the mill overall was a symphony of pure pleasure. Finally, being politically incorrect, as most timber folks are, I will note that the favored term for the articulated arm on the carriage that turns the log is the Nigger. Thanks for a great story of real America. I was a personal friend to Ralph Hull. He wanted the mill to continue after his death and his genius was in acquiring timber ownership to leave as a continueing raw material supply.
The mill does not run exclusively on Ralph Hull timber but I sincerely doubt if it could still operate without the private timber holding. Ralph was a Good Samaritan. Not only are the folks at Hull-Oakes fine and respectful, they are intelligent as well.
There are no computer-operated machines in the mill; every operator is working with the computer in his or her head. Furthermore, every log cut is to meet a specific order, which can vary from one log to many, and from small to large as the photos showed. It is an unusual and remarkable place. Thanks for a great photographic record. I just read this online and I wanted to tell you that I grew up around Hull-Oaks.
My grandpa worked there for years until he finally retired. Even today if you ask around the mill if they knew Barney, they would. Also my uncle still works up there has since he was 18 years old.
My father worked there off and on when I was growing up. I really enjoyed reading what you wrote. I hope you get a chance to go back out there and do another article.
I throughly engoyed this entire article. I am an old fan of steam power in every application and am fortunate to live only one 1 mile from a steam traction engine museum here in Portland, Tn. The museum also contains over gasoline, diesel and kerosine powered tractors on steel and rubber tracks or wheels.
They belt up many different tractors and Traction Engines to it to cut the mostly popular and oak logs. It was donated to the Celebration and most effectively powered by the owner of several Keck-Gonnerman engines. They can bee seen, heard, and smelt working away every October on the first week-end. Right off of state rd. Come see us, and Remember,…….
Beautiful job on this site thanks Wayne. Gary Katz I would like to thank you for your work and photos on the Hull-Oakes mill. As a young man I had one of the best childhoods growing up there, I wish every kid could have had that growing up and this world would be a better place. My father worked for Diamond Match Lumber Co.
He past away at 47yrs. However the memories that your story stirred, when we would cut the pine and redwood boards, oh the fragrance, working late in the night to get the orders out for next day deliveries. As you can see I have started a small lumber company just because I love it, certainly not for the money. Can you tell me if Hull-Oakes mill has someone there that I can contact to visit them? Once again, thank you for preserving the past. Found your site thru the net. That is a cool machine and history too.
My husband has managed to line up a Coutts 2 head rig. I have contacted All Blades Canada and they have gave a place in Ont to get the blade to be pounded and order the bits. My question is is there a place in western Canada that we can get the blade pounded and order bits. The timber industry used to be huge there. I knew a young man who, while working in a mill, got hit by a piece of the band saw blade when it hit a spike.
Yes, someone spiked logs in protest of certain logging practices. In researching to write about that incident, I came across your site and found the info very helpful and fascinating as well. This is a great article. Video of those saws in operation would have been amazing.
A great story of a successful American family-owned and operated business. I have been in the reclaimed lumber bus. Our source of material comming from buildings of the Industrial rev. I noticed they had a hand sign to sawer to tell what size of cut. That was developed in the south found in the book The Fasinating Lumber business.
Plywood in Eugene, Oregon. Does anyone have photographs, videos, or documentation of any kind on the lathe? But I am sad. I was there Friday and loaded some beautiful timbers from there on my truck. I should have asked for a tour: The guy who describes the screaming motors and overwhelming noise and vibration all around you as a symphony of pure pleasure obviously has NO clue of what it is really like to come out alive at the end of the day.
Pure Terror and broken backs. Smashed legs and feet. Bill Oakes gave first-aid, probably saving his life. Offbearing that band saw was a near death experience every day!
As for those back teeth ,I once saw them cut several feet and 4 inches deep in a log because the setter hit the wrong lever while backing up. Later, they did lose a band which almost decapitated Ralph K while cutting it out. I was laughed at for diving for safety.
My brother was stuffed onto that band saw table by an unaware timber sawyer, almost breaking his legs and inches from those shark teeth. As carrier driver which was one of the best jobs, I had a choice between one carrier with only a hand brake and one s vintage carrier that smoked so bad it would make me sick.
Admittedly this was later remedied with some better machines. They are all still there lined up like a museum. I had never seen one of the pond boats out of the water until recently. It is being repaired for current use. Undoubtedly the ugliest boat ever built. So stare in wonder, I still do. Thanks for the extensive article about the Hull-Oaks Sawmill.
I was re-reading an article about the mill in one of my old issues of Invention and Technology, Spring, I Googled the mill and came upon your article. I teach engineering and art in two middle schools in Oregon and hope to someday show your photos to my students. It was hard and dirty work, but I loved the smells of the fresh cut woods and their resins aroma.
Thank you for this wonderful web site. This should be on the history channel as it is so vital to what we are and how we started out. Washington was our first steam mill developed by Pope and Talbot after President Lincoln gave them 15, acres of timber in Washington State. The thing that impressed me the most was the work ethic of the personnel.
The story is great. From an old logger lady who worked in a logging camp starting in Then transferred to Weyerhaeuser in My husband worked in a small sawmill in North Bend, WA. Am looking for any more info about the mill. If you could e-mail me please.
I am an HO railroad builder and would love to model this mill and adjacent buildings and town if there is one nearby. He was married to my mother, Pauline Kyle, from Alpine. They are no longer living. Oh how I wish I could show him this photo essay and ask him what roll he played. I know he worked in the office but maybe started out in the mill? Are there records of those that worked at the Mill in years past? Thank you, Paula Eubanks Smith. I was 9 years. The mill had burned down and dad rebuilt it.
The planer was there and the 2 boilers survived. They bought used equipment from a mill in central Oregon by Interstate 5. Our carriage gun was shot. We could cut 30 ft logs. The gang saw was powered by its own steam engine as was the whole planer mill.
I have an aerial picture from era. These mills used to be all up and down the Pacific northwest. Shotgun was the old term for a long cylinder that connected directly to the carriage. They called it a shotgun because the steam pressure could be built up by the sawyer, and he could literally shoot the carriage back.
Some of the old timers tell stories of getting a green setter on the carriage and knocking him off his seat with a quick blast to the back end. Lived in Coos Bay Or. Did everything but run the Headrig. Unfortunaly, the mill site is now a casino now. But still think I could walk around and show people where every bit of equipment was. Hate to see the lumber industry go to hell.
When I was a kid my dad showed me your mill. More carriage then I have ever seen. Interesting to say the least. I would love to hear the operation. This is the mix of industry and nature. Thanks for sharing the photographs.
My grandfather was a sawyer. There are three saw mills — pole mills in the town where I live. I love the finished products moving out on trucks And I enjoy watching the process. There are four foresters in the congregation I pastor that also help to re-forest the land. Through some methods of management, these foresters have perfected, there is timber plenty to supply the demand and stay ahead of the curve.
This was a very interesting article. I am a wood turner and it is very interesting to see the processing of log to lumber. Thank you for such a rich and historical article. I grew up there for the first 6 years of my life and learned to swim in the mill pond.
When the mill closed, 2 years after the death of my grandfather, It became deserted and falling down. They thought it would be a great place to live and raise their children. They moved in and rebuilt the homes, grocery store, school house and church. It is now a wonderful place to visit and stir up allot of old memories.
Whenever I go home to New Orleans I always make a point of stopping at the mill. It remains the MILL in my heart. I looked at your mill from the air a few years back while doing some mapping in the area, and have wanted to get a closeup look on the ground. I retired in My last in a computer operated mill in Ca. Also worked in steam powered mills,great in the winter. I worked in the mill before going into aviation in I enjoyed many things about working in the mill and did almost every job there from pond monkey to car loader.
One thing I did not like was when an ambulance came up the road because it meant a friend or relative had a serious accident. My cousin, Bill Oakes, is shown running the boilers. He is now retired but does guided tours of the mill a couple days each week. What a great Tour on the net.
Thanks for this tour. I worked in a small mill in Trout Creek, MT as a Filler, given a general instruction on filling for a day or two. I had watched for some time. I am very mechanical minded. I did it all, leveled, benched, tensioned, fitted, welded ETC. They were 19 gauge band, Box saw blades.
I loved the job. Our Journeyman Filler was impressed. I was 47 at the time, Never seen a mill let along worked in one. I was from Eastern MT. I did finally after a few days and sleeping on it. I did the chipper blades amoung other millwright things.
Are there still that size logs in OR? Thanks for all the great pics. I see my Uncle Sid posted above. I grew up within a mile of the Hull-Oakes sawmill. The steam whistle calling end-of-shift was one of my favorite sounds growing up.
I live in another state now, but just seeing your beautiful pictures and the familiar faces in them has brought back so many memories. When I was small, a city kid, our father loved to take quick trips exploring our new state, New Mexico.
Once I was going crazy wanting to just get out and run when he spyed a funny looking, open ended bldg with lots of soft looking dust piled around it. It looked like some wind storm was blowing it all around in the valley but there was no wind strong enough to do that.
We took off running and found ourselves in a small family owned sawmill; and, they were running the machines making an awful, echoing racket.
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Candice Warner dons denim dungarees as she enjoys safari family day out with husband David and daughters in South Africa No wonder she's smiling! I have a large circle saw 64inch in front of my house powered by a steam engine.. Rumley engine built here in La Porte Indian.
They belt up many different tractors and Traction Engines to it to cut the mostly popular and oak logs. On Saturdays, the logging camps would get together and each camp would have a camp champion to box bare knuckle. Why did Home Office place Iraqi refugee — who became Parsons Green bomber - with foster family even though
Speed dating corvallis oregon scientists used scotch tape— yes, really —to lift carbon sheets one atom thick from a lump of graphite. Our Shelved PSA shows why manchester dating sites need to end the backlog. There was a cable anchored near the edge of the slide corva,lis it lay across the path speed dating corvallis oregon the truck. Share or comment on this article e-mail I enjoyed the program and have never forgotten xating operation of a mill. Cobalt also lends an extra distinction to B Back to top Home News U.
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